Mongolia at a Glance


MONGOLIA – FACTS AND FIGURES


  • Geography

    • A landlocked c untry without access to sea, with a total area of 1.565 million sq km (water: 9,600 sq km, land: 1,555,400 sq km);
      Situated in Northeast Asia, sandwiched between China and Russia (landlocked);
      total international border is 8,162 km, of which 4,677 km is with China and 3,485 km with Russia. Mongolia is a continental country (average temperature in winter is – 20c, and in summer +20c)

  • Demography

    • Population: approx. 3.3 million (As of June 2012);
      Average life expectancy – 68.6 (June 2012) Male: 63.5 years Female: 67.9 years. Population in capital Ulaanbaatar: 1.267.000 (43% of the total population of the country, as of 2013). Largest ethnic groups (2020 data): Khalkha – 83.8%, Kazakh – 3,8%, Durvud – 2,6%, Bayad – 2,0%, Buryat – 1,4%, Zakhchin – 1,2%, Dariganga – 1.1%, Uriankhai – 0.9%, other smaller groups are less than 1% respectively. Religion – Statistics show that 59.5% of the population, aged 15 and above, are believers, 40.6% of this population say they are non-believers. 87.1% of all believers are Buddhists, while the majority of youth, aged 15-19, are Christians or Muslims.


       

      2020

      2021

      Buddhists

      87.1

      86.2

      Christians

      2.2

      3.5

      Muslims

      5.4

      4.9

      Shamanism

      4.2

      4.7

      Others

      1.1

      0.7

  • Economy

    • Key sectors: Mining: (22% of GDP, 61% of industrial output, contribution towards GDP growth – 5%);
      agriculture (Livestock, 2013, NSO: 45 mln, sheep – 20 mln (44,5%), goats – 19 mln (42,6%), cattle – 2,9 mln (6,4%), horses – 2,6% (5,8%), camels – 0,3 mln (0,7%)(16% of GDP and 40% of employment, contribution to GDP – growth agriculture – 1,8%);
      construction, services, manufacturing. FDI net inflow (World Bank): USD 4,7 bn (2011), USD 4,4 bn (2012), USD 1,8 bn (2013). GDP growth average between 2005 – 2013 is 7,9%.Resources: Coal (almost half is cocking coal): proven reserves of 20,79 bn tonnes (2013, 10th largest coal source). Mongolia has further 173,3 bn tonnes of unproven coal reserves at around 300 mines. Copper: known reserves of 83,5 mln tonnes (2013)(12thlargest copper source). Gold: proven reserves of 2400 tonnes (2013). Fluorite/fluorspar: proven reserves of 16 mln tonnes (4th largest in the world). Uranium: proven reserves of 140 thousand tonnes (Olympic dam – 358 thousand tonnes). Iron ore – approx. 1 bn tonnes;
      Zinc – 36 mln tonnes;
      Molybdenum – 972 thousand tonnes;
      Silver – 27 mln tonnes, Rare earth elements: est. 31 mln tonnes (16% of global reserves);
      Crude oil – 2,3 bn barrels.Trade (2014, 1-10, NSO): Export structure: Commodities – 82%, precious metals stones – 7%, textile – 6,7%. Main export partners: China 87.9%, Russia – 2%, Canada – 3.7%, UK 3,6%, others – 3,4%, Russia – 1,4% (2013). Major imports: Machinery and equipment, fuel comprise 58,6% of total imports, also, cars, food products, industrial customer goods, chemicals, building materials. Main import partners (2013): China 25.1%, Russia 23.5%, others – 20,8%, US 11.6%, Japan 7.8%, South Korea 7.6%.

  • Type of Governance

    • Parliamentary republic. Separation of State Powers:

      Legislative branch: State Great Hural (Parliament), unicameral, 76 seats;
      members elected by popular vote to serve for a term of four years (Speaker of the Parliament – Mr. B. Zandanshatar, elected in 2020).

      Executive branch: Government headed by Prime Minister, approved by the Parliament (Prime minister – Mr. U. Khurelsukh, approved in 2020, when the Mongolian People’s Party headed by him, was elected with a majority of votes in the 2020 Parliamentary Elections held on 24 June. According to the new amendments to the Constitution, the Prime Minister formed his Cabinet, appointing the Cabinet Members - MInisters).

      Judicial branch (independent): Supreme Court;
      judges are nominated by the General Council of Courts and approved by the country’s President.

      Head of State: President (symbolic), elected by a popular vote to serve for a four-year term (President – Mr. Kh. Battulga was elected in 2017).

      Political parties: 21 parties (2012, multi – party system) Parties with seats in the parliament (2016): Mongolian People’s Party - 62 seats in 2020); Democratic Party - 11; “Right Choice – Electorate Coalition” of the National Labour Party, Mongolian Social Democratic Party, and Grace Party – 1 seat; “Our Coalition” of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, the Civil Will-Green Party and the United Party of Mongolian Traditions – 1 seat and 1 independent candidate.

  • Administrative Division

    • The territory of Mongolia is divided administratively into 21 aimags (province) and the capital city. Each aimag has a Governor;
      each aimag has number of soums (there are 331 soums), and the soum is administratively divided into smaller units calls baghs. The average population in soums is approximately 5,000-6,000. The Capital Ulaanbaatar city has 9 districts. Governance of administrative and territorial units of Mongolia is organised on the basis of combination of the principles of self-government and central government.

  • Foreign Policy

    • Mongolian parliament approved three basic documents defining foreign policy: Concept of National security, Concept of Foreign policy and the Military doctrine. Mongolia pursues open, non-aligned, multi-pillar foreign policy. Mongolia encouraged pursuing active third neighbour policy.In 1992, Mongolia declared its nuclear weapon-free-status, enshrined in a law, a policy, which later was endorsed by UN’s SC’s all 5 permanent members – nuclear powers. Mongolia is a member of many international institutions and forums: ARF, OSCE, ESCAP, ASEM. Also, Mongolia is an observer at SCO, has signed partnership agreements with the EU and NATO. Mongolia successfully organised the International Conference of New and Restored Democracies in 2003;
      and chaired the Community of Democracies in 2011. Mongolia hosted ASEM’s 11th summit in 2016. To date Mongolia maintains diplomatic relations with 173 countries.

Notice


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 ОНЫ 9-Р САРЫН 6-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 8 ДУГААР САРЫН 25-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - ДЕЛИ- УЛААНБААТАР- ЧИГЛЭЛД ТИЙЗ БИЧҮҮЛЭХ ЗААВАР - 8-р САРЫН 13


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 8-Р САРЫН 13-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 7 ДУГААР САРЫН 27


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 7 ДУГААР САРЫН 8-НЫ ӨДӨР


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 6 ДУГААР САРЫН 29-НИЙ ӨДӨР


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 оны 6 дугаар сарын 22


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 оны 6 дугаар сарын 21-н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 6 ДУГААР САРЫН 16


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 ОНЫ 6 ДУГААР САРЫН 3.


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 5 ДУГААР САРЫН 11


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД, 2021 ОНЫ 5 ДУГААР САРЫН 3-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 4 ДҮГЭЭР САРЫН 20-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД, 2021 ОНЫ 4 ДҮГЭЭР САРЫН 13-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД, 2021 ОНЫ 4 ДҮГЭЭР САРЫН 6


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД, 3 ДУГААР САРЫН 24-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД 2021 ОНЫ 3 ДУГААР САРЫН 2-Н


ЭНЭТХЭГ УЛСАД ЗОРЧИХ ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021-02-23


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД 2021 ОНЫ 2 ДУГААР САРЫН 19-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД 2021 ОНЫ 2 ДУГААР САРЫН 16-Н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2021 ОНЫ 1 ДҮГЭЭР САРЫН 13


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД 2020 ны 12-р сарын 23-н


LINK (SOCIAL MEDIA) FOR “EXPORT MONGOLIA 2020” DECEMBER 15-16, 2020


“EXPORT MONGOLIA 2020”


EXPORT MONGOLIA 2020 POSTPONED


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 11 дүгээр сарын 13-н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 11-р сарын 6-н


NOTICE - 29 October 2020


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 8 дугаар сарын 27-ны өдөр


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 10 дугаар сарын 19-ний өдөр


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 10-р сарын 14-н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД - 2020 оны 10 дугаар сарын 13-н


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД


Иргэдийн анхааралд


Иргэдийн анхааралд - 2020 оны 8 дугаар сарын 27-ны өдөр


Иргэдийн анхааралд 2020 оны 8 дугаар сарын 17-ний өдөр


Шинэ Дели хот 2020 оны 8 дугаар сарын 6-ны өдөр


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД Шинэ Дели хот 2020 оны 8 дугаар сарын 3-ны өдөр


ИРГЭДИЙН АНХААРАЛД 2020 оны 7 дугаар сарын 29-н


Шинэ Дели хот 2020 оны 7 дугаар сарын 29-ний өдөр


Government Sites


Office of the President of Mongolia

State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia

Government of Mongolia

Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Mongolia

Mongolian Immigration Agency


News Sites


MONTSAME

news.mn

MNB Facebook